Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection is the foundation of modern biology. However, it has proven remarkably difficult to demonstrate at the genetic, genomic, and population level exactly how wild species adapt to their natural environments. We discuss how one can use large sets of multiple genome sequences from wild populations to understand adaptation, with an emphasis on the small herbaceous plant Arabidopsis thaliana. We present motivation for such studies; summarize progress in describing whole-genome, species-wide sequence variation; and then discuss what insights have emerged from these resources, either based on sequence information alone or in combination with phenotypic data. We conclude with thoughts on opportunities with other plant species and the impact of expected progress in sequencing technology and genome engineering for studying adaptation in nature.
Chang moved over to the other side of the hill, and just started his own group at the Center for Plant Molecular Biology. Silvio follows Markus to Umeå and will continue his projects very far up North.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation awarded $2.3M to the Two Blades Foundation (2Blades), a charitable organization that supports the development of durable disease resistance in crop plants and their deployment in agriculture. Jeff Dangl (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), Brian Staskawicz (University of California, Berkeley), Jonathan Jones (Sainsbury Laboratory in Norwich, UK) and Detlef Weigel (Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen, Germany) will collaborate to discover the variability of immune system receptors of the nucleotide-binding, leucine-rich repeat (NLR) class. The enormous diversity of NLR proteins has made their genes difficult to study with conventional genome sequencing techniques. These hurdles have recently been overcome, and using a new highly accurate, fast, and cost-efficient technique developed in the Jones lab, the teams will reveal the diversity of NLR proteins within and across plant species.
Its title: 'Causes and Consequences of Hybrid Incompatibilities in Arabidopsis thaliana'
The Leopoldina honors his outstanding achievements in the fields of developmental and evolutionary genetics. Weigel has received the Mendel Medal on September 18, 2015, at the ceremonial opening of the Leopoldina's Annual Assembly, which is also attended by German Chancellor Angela Merkel.The Mendel Medal commemorates Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), the founder of genetics. It was established on occasion of the 100th anniversary of the first public presentation of Mendel’s seminal findings in 1865. With this award, the Leopoldina honors pioneering achievements in the field of general and molecular genetics. Previous winners include the Nobel laureates Max Delbrück and Sydney Brenner, both pioneers of modern genetics, the evolutionary biologist Ernst Mayr, and the microbiologist Regine Kahmann.
in Hunter Valley, NSW, Australia
Detlef speaking at AGTA
October 14, 3pm
MPH Lecture Hall
October 16, 2015
October 19, 3pm
Lecture Hall F119, Sand6, Tübingen University
Jörg will defend his PhD thesis entitled Characterizing short-term evolution of DNA methylation in A. thaliana using next-generation sequencing